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Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria reduce aphid population and enhance the productivity of bread wheat

Author:
Naeem, Muhammad, Aslam, Zubair, Khaliq, Abdul, Ahmed, Jam Nazir, Nawaz, Ahmad, Hussain, Mubshar
Source:
Brazilian journal of microbiology 2018 v.49 pp. 9-14
ISSN:
1517-8382
Subject:
Aphidoidea, Bacillus (bacteria), Pseudomonas, cultivars, grain yield, insect pests, pathogens, pesticides, plant growth, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, plant height, seed inoculation, seeds, spikelets, straw, tillers, wheat
Abstract:
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria increase plant growth and give protection against insect pests and pathogens. Due to the negative impact of chemical pesticides on environment, alternatives to these chemicals are needed. In this scenario, the biological methods of pest control offer an eco-friendly and an attractive option. In this study, the effect of two plant growth promoting rhizobacterial strains (Bacillus sp. strain 6 and Pseudomonas sp. strain 6K) on aphid population and wheat productivity was evaluated in an aphid susceptible (Pasban-90) and resistant (Inqlab-91) wheat cultivar. The seeds were inoculated with each PGPR strain, separately or the combination of both. The lowest aphid population (2.1tiller⁻¹), and highest plant height (85.8cm), number of spikelets per spike (18), grains per spike (44), productive tillers (320m⁻²), straw yield (8.6Mgha⁻¹), and grain yield (4.8Mgha⁻¹) were achieved when seeds were inoculated with Bacillus sp. strain 6+Pseudomonas sp. strain 6K. The grain yield of both varieties was enhanced by 35.5–38.9% with seed inoculation with both bacterial strains. Thus, the combine use of both PGPR strains viz. Bacillus sp. strain 6+Pseudomonas sp. strain 6K offers an attractive option to reduce aphid population tied with better wheat productivity.
Agid:
6217621