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Development of an indirect competitive ELISA based on immunomagnetic beads’ clean-up for detection of maduramicin in three chicken tissues

Song, Meirong, Xiao, Zhiming, Xue, Yanan, Zhang, Xiya, Ding, Shuangyang, Li, Jiancheng
Food and agricultural immunology 2018 v.29 no.1 pp. 590-599
animal tissues, chickens, detection limit, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, liver, maduramicin, monoclonal antibodies, muscles, sustainable technology
An indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ic-ELISA) based on immunomagnetic beads' (IMBs) clean-up was developed for detection of the residues of maduramicin (MD) in different chicken tissues. IMBs coated with a specific monoclonal antibody (MAb) against MD named MAb 2D6 were applied to enrich the residues of MD in chicken tissues. The specificities of these IMBs were well maintained and the reversibility remained at more than 73% of the original capability after being used for three times. After elution, enriched MD was detected by a conventional ic-ELISA. The limits of detection of MD were 72, 74 and 173 μg/kg in chicken muscle, skin and fat, and liver, respectively. Recoveries ranged from 80.0% to 115.8% with coefficients of variation being less than 11.3%. These results indicated that a rapid, robust clean-up of IMBs combining ELISA provides a simple, time-saving and environmentally friendly method to detect MD in chicken tissues.