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Biological and Genomic Characterization of a Novel Tobamovirus Infecting Hoya spp.

Adkins, Scott, D’Elia, Tom, Fillmer, Kornelia, Pongam, Patchara, Baker, Carlye A.
Plant disease 2018 v.102 no.12 pp. 2571-2577
Apiaceae, Brassicaceae, Chenopodium quinoa, Cucurbitaceae, Fabaceae, Hoya, Malvaceae, Nicotiana benthamiana, Streptocarpus flower break virus, amino acid sequences, electron microscopy, genes, genomics, host range, hosts, leaves, nucleotide sequences, ornamental plants, plant diseases and disorders, plant viruses, sequence analysis, virion, virus replication, viruses, Florida
Foliar symptoms suggestive of virus infection were observed on the ornamental plant hoya (Hoya spp.; commonly known as waxflower) in Florida. An agent that reacted with commercially available tobamovirus detection reagents was mechanically transmitted to Chenopodium quinoa and Nicotiana benthamiana. Rod-shaped particles ∼300 nm in length and typical of tobamoviruses were observed in partially purified virion preparations by electron microscopy. An experimental host range was determined by mechanical inoculation with virions, and systemic infections were observed in plants in the Asclepiadaceae, Apocynaceae, and Solanaceae families. Some species in the Solanaceae and Chenopodiaceae families allowed virus replication only in inoculated leaves, and were thus only local hosts for the virus. Tested plants in the Amaranthaceae, Apiaceae, Brassicaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Fabaceae, and Malvaceae did not support either local or systemic virus infection. The complete genome for the virus was sequenced and shown to have a typical tobamovirus organization. Comparisons of genome nucleotide sequence and individual gene deduced amino acid sequences indicate that it is a novel tobamovirus sharing the highest level of sequence identity with Streptocarpus flower break virus and members of the Brassicaceae-infecting subgroup of tobamoviruses. The virus, for which the name Hoya chlorotic spot virus (HoCSV) is proposed, was detected in multiple hoya plants from different locations in Florida.