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Preharvest Ultraviolet C Treatment Affected Senescence of Stored Strawberry Fruit with a Potential Role of MicroRNAs in the Activation of the Antioxidant System

Xu, Yanqun, Charles, Marie Thérèse, Luo, Zisheng, Mimee, Benjamin, Tong, Zhichao, Véronneau, Pierre-Yves, Rolland, Daniel, Roussel, Dominique
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.46 pp. 12188-12197
ambient temperature, enzyme activity, fruits, horticultural crops, hydrogen peroxide, lipid peroxidation, microRNA, postharvest storage, shelf life, storage temperature, strawberries, sugars, superoxide anion, ultraviolet radiation
Recent studies presented preharvest ultraviolet C (UV-C) as an environmentally friendly approach for the management of horticultural crop diseases. The effect of this approach on quality preservation during postharvest storage has not yet been investigated. Strawberry fruit harvested from plants grown with supplemental UV-C were stored at room temperature for 72 h, and their postharvest shelf-life biochemical indicators were evaluated. The involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the activation of UV-C-induced antioxidant systems was investigated. Preharvest UV-C contributed to the preservation of sugar and organic acid and reduced overall lipid peroxidation in strawberry fruit during storage. We found that miR159 and miR398 were downregulated by preharvest UV-C and that their respective targets were upregulated at the early stage of storage with enhancement of the activity of antioxidant enzymes. The initial burst of H₂O₂ and O₂• – suggested that preharvest UV-C primed the fruit in an antioxidative activated state via reactive-oxygen-species-mediated feedback control with post-transcriptional involvement of miRNAs.