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Effect of lignite fulvic acid on growth, antioxidant ability, and HSP70 of Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei
- Gao, Yang, Zhu, Jingting, Bao, Huajiang, Hector, Vector, Zhao, Bo, Chu, Zhangjie
- Aquaculture international 2018 v.26 no.6 pp. 1519-1530
- Litopenaeus vannamei, antioxidant activity, cages, diet, enzyme activity, feed additives, feed conversion, fulvic acids, glutathione, heat-shock protein 70, hemolymph, hepatopancreas, juveniles, lignite, malondialdehyde, peroxidase, rearing, shrimp, stress tolerance, superoxide dismutase, survival rate, tanks, weight gain
- This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of fulvic acid (0, 0.3, 0.6, 0.9, and 1.2%) as feed additive on growth, feed utilization, antioxidant ability, and HSP70 in hemolymph and hepatopancreas of juvenile white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (average weight 2.5 g) reared under experiment conditions. Shrimp were stocked at a density of 625 shrimps m⁻³ for 60 days in net cages submerged in recirculating tanks. At the end of the experiment, specific growth rates and survival rates of shrimp in treatment groups fed with 0.6, 0.9, and 1.2% fulvic acid were higher compared to that of the control group. Shrimp fed 0.6, 0.9, and 1.2% fulvic acid had significantly lower feed conversion rates than those fed control diet. The optimum dietary fulvic acid requirement for juvenile shrimp based on weight gain was 0.897%. Furthermore, superoxide dismutase activity and peroxidase activity increased significantly, while malonaldehyde content decreased in the hemolymph and hepatopancreas of shrimp fed 0.9 and 1.2% dietary fulvic acid. Glutathione content increased obviously in hemolymph of shrimp fed 0.6, 0.9, and 1.2% fulvic acid. In hepatopancreas, glutathione content was significantly higher in shrimp supplemented with 1.2% fulvic acid. HSP70 decreased obviously in hemolymph of shrimp fed 0.9 and 1.2% fulvic acid, while shrimp fed with 0.6 and 0.9% fulvic acid showed lower HSP70 level in hepatopancreas. The results of this study demonstrated that dietary fulvic acid could improve survival rates, growth, feed utilization, antioxidant capability, and stress resistance of juvenile L. vannamei reared under intensive stocking conditions.