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Different roughage:concentrate ratios with and without liquid residue of cassava for lambs

de Arruda Leite, Paulo Márcio Barbosa, Véras, Robson Magno Liberal, Véras, Antonia Sherlânea Chaves, Guim, Adriana, de Souza, Evaristo Jorge Oliveira, de Souza Silva, Karla Katiene, Barreto, Lígia Maria Gomes, de Lima Silva, Janaina, Cardoso, Daniel Barros
Tropical animal health and production 2018 v.50 no.8 pp. 1807-1814
blood composition, body weight changes, cassava, crude protein, digestibility, lambs, neutral detergent fiber, nutrients, rumination
This aim of this study was to evaluate the intake and apparent digestibility of nutrients, ingestive behavior, blood parameters, and performance of lambs fed two roughage:concentrate (R:C) ratios, with or without liquid residue of cassava (LRC). Forty lambs (19.5 ± 1.45 kg body weight) were distributed in a completely randomized 2 × 2 factorial design. The intake of dry matter (1311 g/day) and total digestible nutrients (755 g/day), and the intake (172 g/day) and digestibility (552 g/kg) of crude protein were higher for lambs fed R:C of 40:60. The R:C ratio of 80:20 promoted a higher intake (585 g/day) and digestibility (461 g/kg) of neutral detergent fiber. There was an intake of LRC of 1.37 L/day for lambs fed R:C of 80:20 and 0.42 L/day for lambs fed R:C of 40:60. The lambs fed R:C of 80:20 spent more time in feeding (326 m/day) and rumination (530 m/day). The metabolic profile and performance of lambs were not affected by LRC inclusion. The body weight gain (220 g/day) was higher in lambs fed R:C of 40:60. A roughage:concentrate ratio of 40:60 is recommended for lambs because it resulted in the best performance, regardless of supplementation with liquid residue of cassava.