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A calendar age estimate of the Younger Dryas-Holocene boundary at Kråkenes, western Norway

Gulliksen, Steinar, Birks, Hilary H., Possnert, Göran, Mangerud, Jan
TheHolocene 1998 v.8 no.3 pp. 249-259
carbon, ice, lakes, plants (botany), plateaus, radiocarbon dating, radionuclides, sediments, Norway
The Younger Dryas/Holocene transition (YD/H) in the sediments of Kråkenes Lake, western Nor way, is well marked both lithologically and palaeobiologically at 756.5 cm in the investigated core. A series of 70 AMS radiocarbon dates on terrestrial plant macrofossils and the NaOH-soluble fraction of lake sediment was measured between 585 and 840 cm, covering the time span c. 10 440 to 7915 BP on the radiocarbon timescale. Forty-three of these dates above 760 cm were wiggle-matched against the German oak-pine dendro calibration curve (IntCal 93) with recent corrections in both the oak and the pine sections. With an increase in age of the pine dendro-series of 200 6 20 yr, the calendar age of the YD/H lithostratigraphic boundary at Kråkenes is estimated to 11 530⁺⁴⁰ ₋₆₀ cal. BP. By using a date of 9750 BP (11 170 cal. BP) on the transition between the 10 000 and 9600 ¹⁴C plateaux as a time marker, this result is compared with recent results from other archives. It is consistent with many of them, including the GRIP ice core, German pine series, Lake Gościaz, south Swedish lakes, and Baltic varves, suggesting that the Younger Dryas-Holocene transition in the North Atlantic region occurred within the range 11 500–11 600 cal. BP.