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EMS mutagenesis in mature seed-derived rice calli as a new method for rapidly obtaining TILLING mutant populations
- Serrat, Xavier, Esteban, Roger, Guibourt, Nathalie, Moysset, Luisa, Nogués, Salvador, Lalanne, Eric
- Plant methods 2014 v.10 no.1 pp. 274
- ethyl methanesulfonate, genes, genotype, greenhouses, mutagenesis, mutagenicity, mutants, new methods, point mutation, rice, screening
- BACKGROUND: TILLING (Targeting Induced Local Lesions IN Genomes) is a reverse genetic method that combines chemical mutagenesis with high-throughput genome-wide screening for point mutation detection in genes of interest. However, this mutation discovery approach faces a particular problem which is how to obtain a mutant population with a sufficiently high mutation density. Furthermore, plant mutagenesis protocols require two successive generations (M1, M2) for mutation fixation to occur before the analysis of the genotype can begin. RESULTS: Here, we describe a new TILLING approach for rice based on ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) mutagenesis of mature seed-derived calli and direct screening of in vitro regenerated plants. A high mutagenesis rate was obtained (i.e. one mutation in every 451 Kb) when plants were screened for two senescence-related genes. Screening was carried out in 2400 individuals from a mutant population of 6912. Seven sense change mutations out of 15 point mutations were identified. CONCLUSIONS: This new strategy represents a significant advantage in terms of time-savings (i.e. more than eight months), greenhouse space and work during the generation of mutant plant populations. Furthermore, this effective chemical mutagenesis protocol ensures high mutagenesis rates thereby saving in waste removal costs and the total amount of mutagen needed thanks to the mutagenesis volume reduction.