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Molecular Analysis of Ribosomal RNA Gene of Red Tide Algae Obtained from the Seto Inland Sea

Hirashita, Takashi, Ichimi, Kazuhiko, Montani, Shigeru, Nomura, Mika, Tajima, Shigeyuki
Marine biotechnology 2000 v.2 no.3 pp. 267-273
Alexandrium catenella, algal blooms, clones, genes, microalgae, nucleotide sequences, phylogeny, polymerase chain reaction, ribosomal RNA, sequence analysis, Sea of Japan
Eleven clones from five species of the planktonic microalgae, (Chattonella antiqua, Chattonella marina, Heterosigma akashiwo, Alexandrium catenella, and Scrippsiella trochoidea), which were collected from the Seto Inland Sea in Japan and from Thailand, were subjected to nucleotide sequence analysis of the D1/D2 domain of the large subunit (LSU) of their ribosomal RNA genes. After amplification by polymerase chain reaction using degenerated primers, whole-nucleotide sequences for the D1/D2 domains of the LSU rRNA gene of 11 microalgae were analyzed. Phylogenic tree analysis using these nucleotide sequences showed each species located in a cluster corresponding to its morphological classification. The nucleotide sequence data for Chattonella spp. suggest that multiple clones of both Chattonella antiqua and Chattonella marina are present in the Seto Inland Sea and that red tide blooms of Chattonella spp. in different years may have contained different clones.