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Simplified LC/MS assay for the measurement of isolevuglandin protein adducts in plasma and tissue samples
- Yermalitsky, Valery N., Matafonova, Elena, Tallman, Keri, Li, Zhuoheng, Zackert, William, Roberts, L. Jackson, Amarnath, Venkataraman, Davies, Sean S.
- Analytical biochemistry 2019 v.566 pp. 89-101
- hypertension, lipid peroxidation, proteins
- Isolevuglandins (IsoLGs) are a family of highly reactive 4-ketoaldehydes formed by lipid peroxidation that modify the lysyl residues of cellular proteins. Modification of proteins by IsoLGs have been shown to contribute to disease processes such as the development of hypertension. Accurate quantitation of the extent of protein modification by IsoLGs is essential for understanding the mechanisms whereby these modifications contribute to disease and the efficacy of interventions designed to prevent this modification. The previously described LC/MS assay to quantitate IsoLG protein adducts was extremely labor-intensive and time consuming, and while it offered reasonably low intra-day variation for replicate samples, variation when replicate samples were processed on separate days was significant. These limitations significantly restricted utilization of this approach. We therefore performed a series of studies to optimize the assay. We now report a significantly simplified LC/MS assay for measurement of IsoLG protein adducts with increased sensitivity and lower intra-day and inter-day variability.