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MicroRNA-503 regulates hypoxia-induced cardiomyocytes apoptosis through PI3K/Akt pathway by targeting IGF-1R

Zhu, Weijun, Lei, Junrong, Bai, Xiaojun, Wang, Rui, Ye, Yulan, Bao, Jianjun
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2018 v.506 no.4 pp. 1026-1031
Western blotting, apoptosis, cardiomyocytes, coronary disease, cytosol, death, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, flow cytometry, hypoxia, insulin-like growth factor I receptor, luciferase, membrane potential, mitochondria, mitochondrial membrane, oxygen, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reporter genes, small interfering RNA
Coronary heart disease is the second highest specific cause of death. H9c2 cardiomyocytes were subjected to hypoxia (1% O2) for 0, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h. Cell apoptosis and the activity of caspase3/7 was detected using ELISA; western blot was applied to determine the cleaved-caspase3 (c-caspase3), cleaved-PARP (c-PARP) and cytochrome C (Cyto C) expression after the inhibitor negative control (in-NC), miR-503 inhibitor, mimic negative control (mi-NC) and miR-503 mimic were transfected into cells for 48 h. Moreover, flow cytometry was applied to evaluate mitochondrial membrane potential. In addition, luciferase reporter gene assay was used for detection the relationship between miR-503 and insulin-like growth-factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R). Real-time PCR showed microRNA-503 (miR-503) was elevated in a time-dependent manner under hypoxia. MiR-503 inhibition prevented cell apoptosis and reduced caspase3/7 activity and the expression of c-caspase3 and c-PARP, prevented mitochondrial membrane potential collapse and reduced the cyto C level in cytosol. While, miR-503 overexpression showed a pro-apoptotic role and resulted in mitochondrial membrane potential loss. MiR-503 directly targets IGF-1R in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. The depletion of IGF-1R using a specific IGF-1R siRNA (siIGF-1R) abolished anti-apoptotic function of miR-503 inhibitor, and LY294002 showed a similar trend. In summary, miR-503 promoted cell apoptosis, caused mitochondrial membrane potential collapse and the emancipation of cyto C from mitochondrial through PI3K/Akt pathway via targeting IGF-1R in H9c2 cardiomyocytes.