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A putative cyclin, SiPHO80 from root endophytic fungus Serendipita indica regulates phosphate homeostasis, salinity and heavy metal toxicity tolerance

Loha, Anita, Kashyap, Arun Kumar, Sharma, Pooja
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2018 v.507 no.1-4 pp. 414-419
Piriformospora indica, abiotic stress, biotic stress, cyclins, decay fungi, endophytes, heavy metals, homeostasis, host plants, metal tolerance, mutants, mycorrhizal fungi, osmotolerance, phosphates, plant growth, salinity, salt tolerance, stress tolerance, toxicity
Serendipita indica previously known as Piriformospora indica is an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) like endophytic fungus which can be cultivated axenically and colonizes an array of plants, thereby promoting their growth and confers biotic and abiotic stress tolerance to the colonized host plant. It efficiently sequestrates heavy metals and defends host plant against heavy metal-induced toxicity. In the present study, SiPHO80, a homologue of S. cerevisiae PHO80 was isolated from S. indica and functionally characterized in S. cerevisiae. SiPHO80 has conserved ‘cyclin box’ domain and closely related to negative regulator cyclin of the wood decaying fungi. In S. indica, its expression gets upregulated in phosphate-rich media. The regulation of Pi homeostasis which was disrupted in S. cerevisiae Δpho80 grown under high Pi condition was restored upon complementation with SiPHO80. Also, the expression of SiPHO80 in Δpho80 mutant restored osmotolerance and heavy metal tolerance. This is the first report of a cyclin which is involved in Pi homeostasis, salt tolerance, heavy metal toxicity tolerance in any plant growth promoting endophytic fungi.