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XBP1-s promotes colorectal cancer cell proliferation by inhibiting TAp73 transcriptional activity

Ji, Hong, Huang, Can, Wu, Shourong, Kasim, Vivi
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.508 no.1 pp. 203-209
binding proteins, carcinogenesis, cell proliferation, colorectal neoplasms, endoplasmic reticulum, genes, humans, neoplasm cells, transcription (genetics)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress activation could be found in a wide range of human tumors. ER stress induces the splicing of X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) to form its splicing variant XBP1-s, which in turn activates various ER stress-related genes. XBP1-s is highly expressed in various tumors; however, its role in tumorigenesis is still largely unknown. Herein we showed that XBP1-s suppresses the expression of tumor suppressor TAp73, a member of p53 family with high homology with p53, by directly binds to TAp73 promoter and suppresses its transcriptional activity. We also found that overexpression of TAp73 cancelled the effect of XPB1-s on enhancing colorectal cancer cells proliferation and colony formation potential, indicating that TAp73 is critical for XBP1-s-induced tumorigenesis. Together, our findings not only reveal a novel mechanism of TAp73 aberrant regulation in tumor cells, but also link up tumor cells ER stress with tumor suppressive activity of TAp73.