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l- Theanine and NEP1-40 promote nerve regeneration and functional recovery after brachial plexus root avulsion

Guo, Wen-Lai, Qu, Wen-Rui, Zeng, Li-Ni, Qi, Zhi-Ping, Huang, Chao, Zhu, Zhe, Li, Rui
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.508 no.4 pp. 1126-1132
animal models, complications (disease), eosin, fluorescent antibody technique, inflammation, interleukin-6, malondialdehyde, motor neurons, muscle fibers, myelin sheath, myeloperoxidase, nerve regeneration, neuroglia, neuroprotective effect, plexus, prognosis, rats, reactive oxygen species, spectroscopy, staining, theanine
Brachial plexus root avulsion causes severe sequelae Treatments and prognosis face many problems, including inflammatory reaction, oxidative damage, and myelin related inhibitory effect. l-Theanine has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and neuroprotective effects. NEP1-40 competitively inhibits Nogo-66 receptor (NgR1) promotes axonal regeneration. Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into four groups to establish an animal model of brachial plexus root avulsion. Inflammation and oxidative damage were evaluated by spectrophotometry and motor function of the upper limbs was assessed via Terzis grooming test after modeling. Immunofluorescence and hematoxylin and eosin staining were utilized to determine the content of reactive oxygen species, activation of microglial cells, neuroprotection, and nerve regeneration. Compared with the control group, the L-Theanine + NEP1-40 group had significantly decreased myeloperoxidase, malondialdehyde, interleukin-6, reactive oxygen species, and microglial cells, significantly increased score on the Terzis grooming test, increased motor neuron content, and thickened muscle fibers, increased area, and appearance of large and clear motor endplate structures. The results of this study suggest that l-Theanine combined with NEP1-40significantly promoted nerve regeneration after brachial plexus root avulsion, and may be a potential treatment for promoting nerve regeneration. Possible mechanisms underlying these results are alleviation of oxidative damage and inflammatory responses in the injured area and antagonism of myelin inhibition.