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Value-oriented criteria, indicators and targets for conservation and production: A multi-party approach to forest management planning
- Spies, Jillian, Devisscher, Tahia, Bulkan, Janette, Tansey, James, Griess, Verena C.
- Biological conservation 2019 v.230 pp. 151-168
- focus groups, land use planning, natural resources conservation, sustainable forestry, timber production, British Columbia
- Criteria and indicator (C&I) frameworks are frequently used for assessing sustainable forest management. Despite their suitability to assess performance, less attention is given to translating them into strategic forest management planning processes and practices that are of cross-cultural compatibility. Such compatibility is particularly relevant in landscape-level plans that involve Indigenous communities, or multiple groups with various interests. Our study addresses this gap by developing targets and compatible practices that can complement C&I suitable for integrating Indigenous forest management goals and timber production interests.The process for developing C&I is informed by values expressed by four Indigenous communities in central British Columbia (BC) through close revision of traditional use studies, land use plans developed by communities, one focus group discussion, and validation of the results by community representatives. The set of targets and compatible forest management practices we propose are based on a precautionary approach and a synthesis of technical studies conducted in BC. The outcomes are suited to inform both stand- and landscape-level forest management planning and can be considered a reference system to monitor change and facilitate the resolution of multiple interests on the land, reconciling holistic Indigenous values and timber production.