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Cutting floating single-walled carbon nanotubes with a ‘CO2 blade’
- Tian, Ying, Wei, Nan, Laiho, Patrik, Ahmad, Saeed, Magnin, Yann, Liao, Yongping, Bichara, Christophe, Jiang, Hua, Kauppinen, Esko I.
- Carbon 2019 v.143 pp. 481-486
- aerosols, carbon, carbon dioxide, carbon nanotubes, cutting, dry deposition, gases
- Uniform ultra-short (<100 nm) single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) with properties of rich chemistry, high dispersity and easy manipulation, are of great importance for constructing novel nano-structures and highly integrated miniature devices. Herein, we report a recent breakthrough in cutting long SWCNTs into uniform ultra-short segments in gas-phase using CO2 as a ‘blade.’ SWCNTs synthesized by an aerosol reactor are directly introduced into a second reactor for gaseous cutting. The quality and the number concentration of shortened SWCNTs are enhanced after the gas-phase cutting process. Moreover, the growth and cutting of SWCNTs are accomplished in a continuous gas-phase process, thus allows direct dry deposition of ultra-short SWCNTs as individual macromolecules or thin films onto various substrates for multiple applications.