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Assessment and improvement of wetlands environmental protection plans for achieving sustainable development

Chen, Vivien Yi-Chun, Lin, Jerry Chao-Lee, Tzeng, Gwo-Hshiung
Environmental research 2019 v.169 pp. 280-296
climate, ecology, erosion control, humans, models, public opinion, quantitative analysis, social welfare, sustainable development, wetland management, wetlands
Although wetland environmental protection plans are synonymous with wetland management and erosion control plans, the public perceptions of such plans often focus on their impact on the human enjoyment of wetland areas. These plans are affected by many interrelated influence factors, such as human welfare, property, safety, management, operations, maintenance, ecology, environment, artificial structures, climate control, and sustainable development. The purpose of this paper is to probe how to use qualitative and quantitative measurements of wetland environments to create plan indexes using criteria/attributes as well as how to help these indexes for achieving the aspiration levels in each criterion/attribute. Previous studies that attempted to measure environmental evaluations and plans have assumed that these criteria are independent, but this assumption does not hold in real-world applications of real problems. Therefore, in this proof-of-concept study, using an empirical exam among various attributes and to measure and evaluate the real conditions for improving the wetland environmental problems. A DEMATEL technique can be used to construct the INRM, the basic concept of an ANP was modified to determine the influential weights of criteria/dimensions in our research alternative, called DANP (DEMATEL-based ANP). Then we can construct a decision-making model via a hybrid modified VIKOR method to improve wetlands environmental management manager strategy formulation in performance evaluation toward for achieving the aspiration level. Using these techniques, a proposed model appeared, which can be used to explain interdependence and feedback problems. Based on the final results, we can also propose a gap improvement in the development of a sustainable development plan for the environment while taking comfort and safety into account to improve standards and achieve human welfare expectations.