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A relationship between environmental pollutants and enteric viruses in mussels(Mytilus galloprovincialis)

Fiorito, Filomena, Amoroso, Maria Grazia, Lambiase, Sara, Serpe, Francesco Paolo, Bruno, Teresa, Scaramuzzo, Alfredo, Maglio, Pasquale, Fusco, Giovanna, Esposito, Mauro
Environmental research 2019 v.169 pp. 156-162
Mytilus galloprovincialis, Norovirus, Rotavirus, cadmium, chemical analysis, food safety, humans, mussels, pollutants, pollution, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, viruses, Italy
Mussels can be affected by environmental contaminants, as non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (NDL-PCBs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and cadmium (Cd). Moreover, mussels may concentrate human enteric viruses, like noroviruses (NoVGI/GII), astrovirus (AsV) and rotavirus (RV). Herein, to establish a relationship between environmental and viral contamination, with the aim to ensure human food safety, both chemical and microbiological analysis were carried out in mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis, farmed in Campania region (Italy). Chemical analysis revealed ranges below the European maximum limits, and were: ∑6 NDL-PCBs (28, 52, 101, 138, 153, 180) 0.579–16.857 ng g−1 wet weight (ww); BaP LOQ (<0.2 µg kg−1)− 2.9 µg kg−1 ww, and ∑4 PAHs (BaA, CHR, BbFA, BaP) 0.7–23.7 µg kg−1 ww; Cd LOQ (<0.005 mg kg−1)− 0.078 mg kg−1 ww. In addition, mussels exhibited a prevalence of NoVGI (18%), NoVGII (43%), AsV (40%), RV (30%) and the presence of more than one viruses resulted in about 35%. Overall, a simultaneous contamination, both chemical and viral, was found in 62% of samples. Interestingly, virus-positive mussels showed levels of chemicals higher than negative ones.