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Metal organic frameworks-derived magnetic nanoporous carbon for preconcentration of organophosphorus pesticides from fruit samples followed by gas chromatography-flame photometric detection

Li, Dandan, He, Man, Chen, Beibei, Hu, Bin
Journal of chromatography 2019 v.1583 pp. 19-27
carbon, carbonization, desorption, detection limit, diazinon, ethion, fenthion, fruits, gas chromatography, hydrophobic bonding, ionic strength, magnetism, malathion, nanopores, phorate, photometry, solvents
In this work, magnetic nanoporous carbons (MNPCs) based on Zn/Co-MOFs was synthesized via a facial one-step carbonization method. The prepared MNPCs exhibited high specific surface areas, good chemical stability and high extraction efficiency for interest organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs). The good extraction performance of the MNPCs for interest OPPs can be primarily attributed to π-π interaction and hydrophobic interaction between MNPCs and OPPs. Based on it, MNPCs-based MSPE-GC-FPD method was established for the quantification of five OPPs in fruit samples. The main experimental conditions for MSPE of five target OPPs were investigated systematically and optimized, such as the desorption solvent and volume, extracted volume, ionic strength, extraction time and desorption time. Under the optimal conditions, the limits of detection (LODs, S/N = 3) were found to be in the range of 0.018 (ethion) -0.045 (malathion) μg/L. The linearity was 0.05-100 μg/L for phorate, diazinon, ethion and 0.1-100 μg/L for malathion, fenthion respectively. The reproducibility of the method was in the range of 3.5-9.7%. The recovery experiments were carried out by spiking target OPPs at three concentration levels to validate the accuracy of the proposed method, and the recoveries for target OPPs were 84-116%. The results show that the proposed method in this work can be successfully used to analyze OPPs residue in fruit sample.