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Capillary rise of polydimethylsiloxane around a poly(ethylene terephthalate) fiber versus viscosity: Existence of a sharp transition in the dynamic wetting behavior

Zhang, Yichuan, Moins, Sébastien, Coulembier, Olivier, Seveno, David, De Coninck, Joël
Journal of colloid and interface science 2019 v.536 pp. 499-506
capillarity, energy, hydrodynamics, liquids, polydimethylsiloxane, polyethylene terephthalates, temperature, topography, viscosity
Since the emergence of the molecular-kinetic theory and the hydrodynamic approach, it is generally accepted that the displacement of the contact line is controlled by the viscous or frictional channel of energy dissipation for respectively high-viscosity and low-viscosity liquids. However, how the dissipation switches from one channel to another is still unknown. We therefore hypothesized that, by progressively changing the viscosity of a liquid, a better understanding of the underlying mechanism driving this wetting dynamic transition would be obtained.Performing capillary rise experiments of polydimethylsiloxane on a poly(ethylene terephthalate) fiber at different temperatures, i.e. at different liquid viscosities, we characterized the transition between the viscous and frictional regimes. The fiber surface topography was also characterized and its effect on the wetting dynamics was quantified.The wetting dynamics switched from one regime to the other in a very short viscosity interval. Besides, the wetting behavior in the transition region is sensitive to the fiber surface topography. The presence or the absence of a liquid rim ahead of the contact line actually determines the dominant channel of dissipation.