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Folding of cytosine-based nucleolipid monolayer by guanine recognition at the air-water interface

G. Argudo, Pablo, Muñoz, Eulogia, Giner-Casares, Juan José, Martín-Romero, María Teresa, Camacho, Luis
Journal of colloid and interface science 2019 v.537 pp. 694-703
ammonium salts, computer simulation, cytidine diphosphate, guanine, infrared spectroscopy, liquid-air interface, microscopy, phospholipids, sodium
Monolayers of a cytosine-based nucleolipid (1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-(cytidine diphosphate) (ammonium salt), CDP-DG) at basic subphase have been prepared at the air-water interface both in absence and presence of guanine. The formation of the complementary base pairing is demonstrated by combining surface experimental techniques, i.e., surface pressure (π)–area (A), Brewster angle microscopy (BAM), infrared spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS) and computer simulations. A folding of the cytosine-based nucleolipid molecules forming monolayer at the air-water interface occurs during the guanine recognition as absorbate host and is kept during several compression-expansion processes under set experimental conditions. The specificity between nitrogenous bases has been also registered. Finally, mixed monolayers of CDP-DG and a phospholipid (1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate (sodium salt), DMPA) has been studied and a molecular segregation of the DMPA molecules has been inferred by the additivity rule.