Main content area

Assembly of surface-defect single-crystalline strontium titanate nanocubes acting as molecular bricks onto surface-defect single-crystalline titanium dioxide (B) nanorods for efficient visible-light-driven photocatalytic performance

Kuang, Junyan, Xing, Zipeng, Yin, Junwei, Li, Zhenzi, Zhu, Qi, Zhou, Wei
Journal of colloid and interface science 2019 v.537 pp. 441-449
bricks, chemical reduction, chromium, hydrogen production, nanorods, photocatalysis, strontium, synergism, titanium, titanium dioxide
Ti3+ self-doped single-crystalline SrTiO3−x nanocubes acting as molecular bricks are successfully assembled onto Ti3+ self-doping single-crystalline TiO2−x(B) nanorods through an effortless two-step hydrothermal process coupled with an in situ solid-state chemical reduction method. SrTiO3−x nanocubes act as molecular bricks, which are uniformly assembled onto the surface of TiO2−x(B) nanorods due to lattice matching. The band gap of the resultant SrTiO3−x/TiO2−x(B) sample is ∼2.97 eV, which exhibits excellent photocatalytic performance for the reduction of Cr(VI) and hydrogen production under visible light. The apparent rate constant k value for the photocatalytic reaction of SrTiO3−x/TiO2−x(B) for Cr(VI) reduction is ∼8 times higher than that of white TiO2(B). The photocatalytic hydrogen production rate for SrTiO3−x/TiO2−x(B) is ∼160.2 μmol g−1 h−1, which is ∼5 times higher than that of white TiO2(B). The enhanced photocatalytic activity can be considered to be caused by a synergetic effect of heterojunction formation and the introduction of Ti3+ self-doping, which can not only facilitate the separation of photogenerated charge carriers between TiO2−x(B) and SrTiO3−x, but also broaden the photoresponse from the UV to visible-light region.