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Colorimetric determination of Hg2+ in environmental water based on the Hg2+-stimulated peroxidase mimetic activity of MoS2-Au composites

Ma, Chunmeng, Ma, Yao, Sun, Yifan, Lu, Yuan, Tian, Enlin, Lan, Jingfeng, Li, Jialu, Ye, Weichun, Zhang, Haixia
Journal of colloid and interface science 2019 v.537 pp. 554-561
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, cations, colorimetry, detection limit, enzyme kinetics, gold, hydrogen peroxide, mercury, microwave treatment, molybdenum disulfide, nanogold, nanosheets, oxidation, peroxidase, river water, surface area, tap water, Yellow River
A colorimetric assay is described for sensitive determination of Hg2+ ions based on the MoS2-Au composites as peroxidase mimetics, which are synthesized by microwave-assisted solvothermal method. The addition of Hg2+ stimulates their peroxidase-like activity, along with lower Michaelis constant toward the oxidation of 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) with H2O2, allowing the composites for direct determination of Hg2+. A broad linear response is obtained ranging from 20 nM to 20 μM with a detection limit (LOD) of 5 nM. The superior peroxidase-like activity is attributed to the large surface area of MoS2 nanosheets and the synergistic catalytic effect of MoS2 and Au. The Hg2+-stimulation effect implies the strong interaction between Hg2+ and MoS2-Au, where the XPS results confirm the presence of metallic Hg0, indicative of an Au-Hg amalgam. This colorimetric assay is successfully applied for the determination of Hg2+ in environmental water (tap water and Yellow River water) with excellent selectivity over interfering cations.