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Ag modified ZnS for photocatalytic water pollutants degradation: Influence of metal loading and preparation method

Sacco, O., Vaiano, V., Sannino, D., Picca, R.A., Cioffi, N.
Journal of colloid and interface science 2019 v.537 pp. 671-681
Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, absorbance, ambient temperature, aqueous solutions, chemical reduction, methylene blue, nanoparticles, nanosilver, phenol, photocatalysis, photocatalysts, pollutants, reflectance, reflectance spectroscopy, silver, silver oxide, spectral analysis, surface area, ultraviolet radiation, zinc sulfide
In this paper, the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants was investigated using Ag/ZnS nanoparticles at different noble metal loadings. The photocatalysts were prepared at room temperature by two different methods: photodeposition and chemical reduction. The obtained samples were characterized by Specific surface area measurement, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray Powder diffraction, ultraviolet–visible diffuse reflectance and Raman spectroscopy. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy spectra showed that Ag is present on ZnS surface as intermediate state between nanostructured Ag0 and Ag2O. Moreover, the addition of silver caused a significant change of the absorption spectrum of bare ZnS, resulting in higher absorbance in the visible region, due to the Ag surface plasmon band. Methylene blue (MB) was used to evaluate the photocatalytic activity of the prepared samples. The best photocatalytic activity was observed using the sample at 0.1 wt% Ag loading prepared by chemical reduction method. In particular, the almost complete MB degradation was achieved using UV-LEDs as light sources and 6 g L−1 of catalyst dosage. Finally, the optimized photocatalyst was also effective in the degradation of phenol in aqueous solution under UV irradiation.