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Expression of Three Adipokines (Adiponectin, Leptin and Resistin) in Normal Canine Skin: a Pilot Study

Brément, T., Cossec, C., Roux, C., Knol, A.C., Dréno, B., Khammari, A., Bourdeau, P., Bruet, V.
Journal of comparative pathology 2019 v.167 pp. 82-90
abdomen, acne, adiponectin, adipose tissue, antibodies, biopsy, blood serum, cytokines, dermis, dog diseases, dogs, endothelium, hair follicles, immunohistochemistry, keratinocytes, leptin, mice, people, physiology, psoriasis, rabbits, resistin, sebaceous glands
Adipokines are biologically active cytokines that are mainly produced in adipose tissue. There is evidence, in man and mice, that some adipokines may be secreted in other tissues including the vascular endothelium, epithelia and sebaceous glands. Moreover, modified serum levels of adipokines have been detected in people with acne vulgaris or psoriasis; it is suspected that adipokines could contribute to local and systemic inflammatory conditions. We aimed to evaluate the expression of three adipokines (i.e. leptin, adiponectin and resistin) in normal canine skin. Formalin-fixed, paraffin wax-embedded punch biopsy samples were obtained from the sparsely-haired skin of the caudal ventral abdomen of a single clinically healthy dog with no history of skin disease. Immunohistochemistry was applied, using rabbit polyclonal primary antibodies specific for leptin, adiponectin and resistin. Adipokines were not expressed in normal canine dermis or hypodermis. In contrast, they were detected in the keratinocytes of all epidermal layers and hair follicle segments, sebocytes, apocrine gland cells and in the vascular endothelium. This is the first report on the expression of adipokines in normal canine skin, a first step in studying their role in the skin physiology and inflammatory skin diseases of dogs.