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Differential effects of maternal high-fat/high-caloric or isocaloric diet on offspring's skeletal muscle phenotype

Oliveira, Thaynan Raquel dos Prazeres, Manhães-de-Castro, Raul, Silva, Jacqueline Maria, Cadena-Burbano, Erika Vanesa, Cavalcanti, Carolina Cadete Lucena, Benjamim, Raquel Arruda Campos, Lago, Amanda Braz, Tourneur, Yves, Antonio-Santos, José, da Silva Aragão, Raquel
Life sciences 2018 v.215 pp. 136-144
adenosinetriphosphatase, adults, body weight, glucose, glycolysis, high fat diet, laboratory animals, lactation, maternal nutrition, muscles, phenotype, pregnancy, progeny, pups, rats, skeletal muscle, staining, weaning
AimThis study sought to investigate the effects of two different maternal high-fat diets, during gestation and lactation, on the morphology of the skeletal muscle of the adult offspring rats.Female Wistar rats were fed Control (C) or High-fat/high-caloric (HH) or High-fat/isocaloric (HI) diet during gestation and lactation. The somatic growth of the offspring was measured throughout lactation. Glucose and insulin tolerance tests were performed at PND61 and PND65, respectively. At PND70, soleus and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles were removed for myofibrillar ATPase staining analysis.HH pups were heavier and longer at weaning but presented same body weight at PND70. No difference among groups in glucose or insulin tolerance tests was observed. In the soleus muscle, HH offspring showed increased proportion and size of type 1 fibres and reduced proportion and number with increased size of type 2A fibres. In EDL muscle, there was no difference in proportion and number of fibres. HH and HI animals presented reduced type 1 and 2A fibres size while HH animals presented increased type 2B fibres size, in EDL muscle.Maternal HH diet promoted a more oxidative profile in soleus muscle. Though, maternal high-fat/isocaloric diet influenced only fibres size. Glycolytic muscle is more resistant to maternal diet influence. These results emphasize the importance of maternal diet during the critical period of development on muscle morphology of the offspring.