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Partial removal of acetyl groups in konjac glucomannan significantly improved the rheological properties and texture of konjac glucomannan and κ-carrageenan blends

Hu, Yan, Tian, Jing, Zou, Jian, Yuan, Xiaoqing, Li, Jing, Liang, Hongshan, Zhan, Fuchao, Li, Bin
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.123 pp. 1165-1171
Amorphophallus, gel strength, gelatin, hardness, kappa carrageenan, konjac mannan, moieties, texture, viscosity
The main aim of the current study was to research the effect of the degree of konjac deacetylation on the rheological and textural properties of konjac glucomannan (KGM) and κ-carrageenan blends. A series of deacetylated konjac glucomannan (Da-KGM) with different degrees of deacetylation (0, 20.35%, 35.62%, 57.19%, and 74.01%) was prepared by a heterogeneous deacetylation method. The rheological and textural properties of mixed sols and gels of Da-KGM with different degrees of deacetylation and κ-carrageenan were determined. The results showed that the viscosities of mixed sols of Da-KGM and κ-carrageenan decreased with increasing degree of deacetylation. The partial removal of acetyl groups from konjac glucomannan could significantly improve the hardness and springiness of mixed gels of KGM and κ-carrageenan. Meanwhile, decreasing the acetyl content could decrease the syneresis of mixed gels. By regulating the deacetylation degree of konjac, gels with high gel strength could be prepared, which provides a new idea for the production of high-strength gelatin food.