Main content area

Chitosan-based nanocomposite matrices: Development and characterization

Marín-Silva, Diego Alejandro, Rivero, Sandra, Pinotti, Adriana
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.123 pp. 189-200
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, acid hydrolysis, acid treatment, biodegradability, cellulose, light scattering, microstructure, models, nanocomposites, nanocrystals, packaging, principal component analysis, scanning electron microscopy, sulfuric acid, transmission electron microscopes, transmission electron microscopy
Chitosan-based nanocomposites have a significant industrial impact related to the possibility to design and create new materials and structures. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) can be extracted from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) by controlled acid hydrolysis with H2SO4. This work was focused on: to study the microstructure of CNC isolated from MCC after different hydrolysis times; to develop nanocomposites chitosan-based films; to characterize their structural and thermo-mechanical properties; to analyze the spectral differences among samples by means of ATR-FTIR in combination with principal component analysis (PCA) and square partial minimums model (PLS).It is worth noting that the selected condition for isolate the CNC from MCC was the acid treatment for 2 h, evidenced by size measurements. This fact was supported by transmission electron microscope (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS).In this regard, SEM studies of films showed an assembly process between the nanocelluloses and the CH matrix. The incorporation of CNC into the films resulted in strong interactions between the filler and the matrix demonstrating the affinity between the phases and modifying the mechanical profiles.In summary, CNC was found to be a satisfactory reinforcing agent in biodegradable nanocomposite chitosan-based packaging and are promising as a means to develop tailor-made materials.