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Extraction, characterization and antioxidant activity analysis of the polysaccharide from the solid-state fermentation substrate of Inonotus hispidus

Liu, Xin, Hou, Ruolin, Xu, Kaiqiang, Chen, Lei, Wu, Xiaoping, Lin, Wenxiong, Zheng, Mingfeng, Fu, Junsheng
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.123 pp. 468-476
Inonotus hispidus, antioxidant activity, arabinose, cosmetics, functional foods, galactosamine, galactose, glucose, glucuronic acid, mannose, molecular weight, polysaccharides, ribose, solid state fermentation, temperature, ultrasonic treatment
A polysaccharide from Inonotus hispidus was prepared by solid-state fermentation (SSF), and an efficient ultrasound-assisted extraction method was used to optimize the extraction process of Inonotus hispidus solid-state fermentation polysaccharide (IHSFP). The optimal extraction parameters were as follows: solid-liquid ratio of 1:40, ultrasound time of 34 min, ultrasound power of 350 W and ultrasound temperature of 70 °C. The yield of IHSFP was 51.06 ± 0.34% under the optimal conditions. Two types of polysaccharide fractions (IHSFP-1 and IHSFP-2) were isolated by DEAE-52 and Sephadex G-200 columns. IHSFP-2 had stronger antioxidant activity than IHSFP-1, and it can reduce H2O2-induced oxidative damage to cells in vitro. Therefore, the properties of IHSFP-2 were further characterized. The results showed that the molecular weight of IHSFP-2 was 14.44 kDa, it was composed of glucose (Glc), mannose (Man), galactose (Gal), glucuronic acid (GlcUA), galactosamine (GalN), arabinose (Ara) and ribose (Rib), and the contents of these monosaccharides were 51%, 21%, 20%, 3%, 2%, 2% and 1%, respectively. The results of this study may contribute to the efficient production of the polysaccharide of Inonotus hispidus, and provide new ideas for its application in functional foods and cosmetics.