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A review on versatile applications of blends and composites of CNC with natural and synthetic polymers with mathematical modeling

Younas, Muhammad, Noreen, Aqdas, Sharif, Aqsa, Majeed, Ayesha, Hassan, Abida, Tabasum, Shazia, Mohammadi, Abbas, Zia, Khalid Mahmood
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.124 pp. 591-626
cellulose, mathematical models, mechanical properties, nanocrystals, packaging, polymers
Cellulose is world's most abundant, renewable and recyclable polysaccharide on earth. Cellulose is composed of both amorphous and crystalline regions. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) are extracted from crystalline region of cellulose. The most attractive feature of CNC is that it can be used as nanofiller to reinforce several synthetic and natural polymers. In this article, a comprehensive overview of modification of several natural and synthetic polymers using CNCs as reinforcer in respective polymer matrix is given. The immense activities of CNCs are successfully utilized to enhance the mechanical properties and to broaden the field of application of respective polymer. All the technical scientific issues have been discussed highlighting the recent advancement in biomedical and packaging field.