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Studies on the properties and biodegradability of PVA/Trapa natans starch (N-st) composite films and PVA/N-st-g-poly (EMA) composite films
- Kaur, Kuljit, Jindal, Rajeev, Maiti, Mithu, Mahajan, Shreya
- International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.123 pp. 826-836
- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Trapa natans, X-ray diffraction, ammonium, biodegradability, composite films, composite polymers, differential thermal analysis, glycerol, mechanical properties, methylmethacrylate, pH, plasticizers, scanning electron microscopy, solvents, starch, temperature, thermogravimetry, water uptake
- The morphological modification of Trapa natans starch was done by grafting the methylmethacrylate (EMA) using ferrous ammonium sulphate‑potassium persulphate as a redox initiator. Different reaction parameters such as reaction temperature, time, monomer concentration, pH and solvent were optimized to get maximum graft yield (56%). The graft copolymers thus formed were characterized by Fourier transform infrared, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and TGA/DTA/DTG techniques. PVA/starch (N-st) composite films and PVA/N-Starch-grafted-poly (EMA) composite films were prepared separately by using glycerol as a plasticizer. The effect and content of grafted starch on the mechanical properties, water uptake (%), and biodegradability of the composite films were observed. Elongation at break % of PVA/starch-grafted-poly (EMA) (1:1) increased up to 38.9% of pure PVA/N-starch composites (1:1). With further increase in the ratio of grafted starch from (50% to 70%) Elongation at break, % increased to a great extent. There was 223.14% increased in PVA/starch-grafted-poly (EMA) (3:7) as compared to pure PVA/N-starch (3:7) composite films. The Max stress increased up to 100% in PVA/N-starch-grafted-poly (EMA) (3:7) composite film of pure PVA/N-starch composite films (3:7). There were 41.63% decreases in water uptake in PVA/N-starch-grafted-poly (EMA) (3:7) composite films as compared to PVA/N-starch composite films.