Jump to Main Content
Stimulus-activatable echogenic maltodextrin nanoparticles as nanotheranostic agents for peripheral arterial disease
- Jung, Eunkyeong, Lee, Jeonghun, Jeong, Lipjeong, Park, Sanghun, Lee, Moungyoung, Song, Chulgyu, Lee, Dongwon
- Biomaterials 2019 v.192 pp. 282-291
- animal models, biomarkers, carbon dioxide, endothelial cells, fluorescence, half life, hydrogen peroxide, image analysis, ischemia, maltodextrins, muscles, nanoparticles, therapeutics
- Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are closely related with various pathological disorders. Therefore, real-time detection of ROS is essential for understanding the procedure of diseases and diagnosing the accurate lesion sites. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) accounts for a large portion of ROS and has a longer half-life than other ROS, which makes it a highly promising diagnostic and therapeutic biomarker. In this work, we developed H2O2-activatable CO2 bubble generating indocyanine green-loaded boronated maltodextrin (ICG-BM) nanoparticles for imaging and therapy of peripheral arterial disease. ICG-BM nanoparticles displayed increasing fluorescence, ultrasound and photoacoustic signals in H2O2-triggered manners and exerted significant anti-inflammatory and proangiogenic effects in H2O2-stimulated vascular endothelial cells. In mouse models of hindlimb ischemia, ICG-BM nanoparticles also showed H2O2-triggered amplification of fluorescence, ultrasound and photoacoustic signals in the ischemic hindlimb muscles. ICG-BM nanoparticles also significantly reduced the level of overproduced H2O2 and exerted highly potent anti-inflammatory and proangiogenic activities in the ischemic tissues. We therefore believe that pathological stimulus-activatable echogenic ICG-BM nanoparticles provide a new avenue for imaging and treatment of peripheral arterial disease.