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Characterization of CD40+ leukocytes in flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) and its response after Hirame novirhabdovirus infection and immunization

Author:
Xing, Jing, Tian, Hongfei, Wang, Lei, Tang, Xiaoqian, Sheng, Xiuzhen, Zhan, Wenbin
Source:
Molecular immunology 2018 v.104 pp. 79-89
ISSN:
0161-5890
Subject:
B-lymphocytes, Novirhabdovirus, Paralichthys olivaceus, T-lymphocytes, antibodies, flounder, humoral immunity, immune response, immunization, intestines, kidneys, recombinant proteins, spleen
Abstract:
CD40 is a crucial signal mediating factor in T-dependent B cell responses and involved in many aspects of cellular and humoral immunity. In this paper, recombinant protein of CD40 in flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) and its antibodies (Abs) were produced, native CD40 molecules in flounder tissues were identified, then the CD40+ leukocytes in T/B lymphocytes were characterized, and the variations of CD40+ leukocytes in flounder after Hirame novirhabdovirus (HIRRV) infection and immunization were investigated, respectively. The results showed that the Abs could specifically recognize native flounder CD40 molecule at 32 kDa. The proportions of CD40+ leukocytes were varied by flounder tissues. CD40+/IgM+ B lymphocytes, CD40+/CD4-1+ T lymphocytes, CD40+/CD4-2+ T lymphocytes and CD40+/CD8+ T lymphocytes in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) were 1.18 ± 0.27%, 0.69 ± 0.17%, 0.75 ± 0.14% and 0.25 ± 0.14%; were 2.80 ± 0.32%, 0.71 ± 0.19%, 0.88 ± 0.23% and 0.33 ± 0.17% in spleen; 4.11 ± 0.47%, 0.92 ± 0.18%, 1.09 ± 0.17% and 0.9 ± 0.17% in head kidney; 1.92 ± 0.39%, 1.02 ± 0.23%, 1.33 ± 0.38% and 0.67 ± 0.24% in intestine; 1.24 ± 0.36%, 1.21 ± 0.24%, 1.70 ± 0.3% and 0.97 ± 0.21% in gill, respectively. The percentages of CD40+ leukocytes in PBLs were significantly increased in both HIRRV infection and immunization groups, and reached their peak levels at 3rd day with 5.70 ± 0.16% and 6.40 ± 0.13%, respectively. Concluded with our previous study, these data first reported that CD40 molecules were expressed on both B and T lymphocytes in teleost, and had a coordination with T and B lymphocytes in immune responses.
Agid:
6227384