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Identification of the minimal region of peptide derived from ADP-ribosylation factor1 (ARF1) that inhibits IgE-mediated mast cell activation

Uchida, Ryota, Egawa, Tomonori, Fujita, Yoshio, Furuta, Kazuyuki, Taguchi, Hiroaki, Tanaka, Satoshi, Nishida, Keigo
Molecular immunology 2019 v.105 pp. 32-37
amino acids, anaphylaxis, anti-allergic agents, cytokines, guanosinetriphosphatase, histamine, immunoglobulin E, inflammation, lipids, mast cells, secretion, structure-activity relationships, synthetic peptides, therapeutics
Mast cells play a pivotal role in allergic reactions and inflammations. Aggregation of the high affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) eventually leads to the release of granule components such as histamine, as well as the de novo synthesis of inflammatory cytokines and lipid mediators. These substances are involved in the development of allergy and inflammation. Therefore, efficient inhibitors of mast cell activation would be therapeutically beneficial. We previously demonstrated that the synthetic peptide derived from the NH2-terminal region (2–17: GNIFANLFKGLFGKKE) of a small GTPase ARF1 (ADP-ribosylation factor1) inhibited FcεRI-induced mast cell degranulation. However, detailed structure-activity relationship study of NH2-terminal portion of ARF1 peptide has not been done. In addition, it is still unclear whether the NH2-terminal peptide of ARF1 suppresses FcεRI-induced production of cytokines and lipid mediators such as leukotriene C4 (LTC4) from mast cells.Here we show that amino acid residues K10-K16 are necessary for ARF1 peptide to efficiently inhibit FcεRI-induced activation of bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs), indicated by decreased mast cell degranulation, cytokine secretion and leukotriene release. Furthermore, we show that ARF1 peptide inhibits IgE-mediated passive cutaneous anaphylaxis reaction. Our results suggest that the peptide derived from ARF1 could be developed into a novel anti-allergic agent for therapeutic intervention in allergy and mast cell-related pathologies.