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Association between duplicated maltase genes and the transcriptional regulation for the carbohydrate changes in Drosophila melanogaster

Inomata, Nobuyuki, Takahasi, K. Ryo, Koga, Natsumi
Gene 2019 v.686 pp. 141-145
Drosophila melanogaster, alpha-glucosidase, amylases, dietary carbohydrate, gene duplication, genes, glucose, hydrolysis, messenger RNA, phenotype, starch, transcription (genetics)
Gene duplication could promote phenotypic and genetic adaptation to various environments. To understand the effects of gene duplication on transcriptional regulation associated with environmental changes, we focused on the starch hydrolysis pathway, in which amylase enzymes together with maltase enzymes hydrolyze starch into glucose. Drosophila genomes involve ten duplicated Maltase genes. We examined the levels of transcription of the nine of these genes in 36 lines of Drosophila melanogaster collected from a natural population. In the investigated population, the levels of transcription were different between the two dietary carbohydrate sources, glucose and starch. At the transcriptional level, a single Maltase gene, which transcribes the specific Maltase transcripts, worked together with an Amylase gene in the pathway. The three of nine genes responded to carbohydrate changes, and the degree of the response was similar to Amylase gene. Our results suggest that gene duplication could increase capacity of the transcriptional regulation associated with environmental changes.