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Einfluss des Querschnitts und der Bestimmung der Ästigkeit auf die Festigkeit von visuell sortierter Fichte

Stapel, Peter, van de Kuilen, Jan-Willem G.
European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 2014 v.72 no.2 pp. 213-227
Picea abies, knots, wood quality, Europe
The strength of graded timber is determined by a multitude of parameters. Properties of interest are the shape of the cross-section and the wood quality. With regard to strength, wood quality is primarily expressed in terms of knots and knot clusters which, together with the cross-section of the timber, are used to calculate knot ratios. By applying the visual grading rules as given in the German standard DIN 4074-1, the influence of different timber sizes on grading results has been analysed. Different grading approaches for joists and boards exist and are taken into account in the assessment of 5,665 specimens originating from various parts of Europe. It was shown that both the cross-section and the grading method have a major influence on the characteristic strength values of Norway spruce. Limitations of the current standard with respect to its applicability to certain cross-sections are exposed. Alternative, simple grading approaches for boards are proposed. They ensure equal strength values and yields comparable to the rather complicated board rules used nowadays.