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Measuring the water content in freshly-deposited fingermarks

Author:
Keisar, Or, Cohen, Yair, Finkelstein, Yacov, Kostirya, Natalie, Ben-David, Roey, Danon, Albert, Porat, Ze’ev, Almog, Joseph
Source:
Forensic science international 2019 v.294 pp. 204-210
ISSN:
0379-0738
Subject:
evaporation, quartz crystal microbalance, sebum, spectroscopy, water content
Abstract:
The literature view regarding the composition of deposited fingermarks has long been that the average water content is in the range of 98–99wt.%. This value has recently been challenged by Kent, claiming that it should be 20wt.% at most. Herein we have measured the weight percentage of water content in freshly-deposited fingermarks, with and without hand pre-washing. Two complementary techniques were utilized for the measurements, namely quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) for determining the relative mass-loss and its rate at ca. 37°C, and temperature-programmed desorption-mass spectrometry (TPD-MS) for establishing that the mass loss arises solely from the complete evaporation of all the water content in the fingermarks (done with hand pre-washing only). Unlike the traditional narrow-range values of 98–99% and the limiting value of 20wt.% suggested by Kent, our measurements indicate the occurrence of a broad 20–70% water content. Higher contents of water in fingermarks were found post hand pre-washing, most probably due to removal of the sebum from the fingertips, but none of the results exceeded 90%.
Agid:
6229016