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Establishment of rapid detection method and surveillance of budgerigar fledgling disease virus using a TaqMan Real-Time PCR

Jingjiao Ma, Ye Tian, Min Zhang, Yujie Li, Weili Wang, Fulin Tian, Yuqiang Chen, Yaxian Yan, Jianhe Sun
Molecular and cellular probes 2019 v.43 pp. 80-83
Aves polyomavirus 1, DNA, birds, breeding, death, feces, genes, genotype, monitoring, phylogeny, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, rapid methods, sequence analysis, China
Budgerigar fledgling disease virus (BFDV) infection causes sudden death, abdominal distention, and feather abnormality in psittacine birds. In this study, we developed a TaqMan Real-time PCR assay to detect BFDV by targeting a conserved region in VP1 gene. The detection limit of the assay was 30 DNA gene copies, 1000 times more sensitive than conventional PCR. The coefficients of variation were less than 1.09% in either intra- or inter-assays, indicating high reproducibility. By using this method, the prevalence of BFDV in China was evaluated. 56 feces samples were collected from four psittacine birds breeding facilities in China. The results showed 28 out of 56 samples were positive for BFDV in Real-Time PCR assay, while only 19 samples were positive in PCR assay. Three facilities were positive for BFDV with positive rates from 60% to 87.5%. Further sequence analysis of VP1 genes from the positive samples indicated that VP1 genes fell into two different lineages in phylogenetic tree, suggesting that different genotypes BFDV are co-circulating in China.