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Polycarboxylic magnetic polydopamine sub-microspheres for effective adsorption of malachite green

Author:
Pan, Xihao, Zuo, Gancheng, Su, Ting, Cheng, Siyao, Gu, Yufan, Qi, Xiaoliang, Dong, Wei
Source:
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.560 pp. 106-113
ISSN:
0927-7757
Subject:
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, adsorbents, adsorption, chemical structure, coatings, colloids, iron oxides, kinetics, magnetism, malachite green, models, nanocrystals, pH, particle size distribution, sorption isotherms, transmission electron microscopy
Abstract:
Magnetic particle is a promising class of materials to absorb harmful contaminants for their easy collecting property with magnetic response. Here, we report a novel kind of polycarboxylic magnetic polydopamine sub-microspheres (Fe3O4@PDA-COOH) facilely synthesized by coating polydopamine (PDA) onto the surface of magnetic nanocrystal clusters (Fe3O4). Then the sub-microspheres were modified with mercaptosuccinic acid (MSA) to have polycarboxylic groups on their surface. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to demonstrate the desired chemical structure. The unique morphology and particle size distribution were confirmed by Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Malachite green (MG) was used as a model to test the adsorption capacity of the magnetic sub-microspheres. Besides, factors such as initial MG concentration, initial solution pH, and contact time were systematically studied for this adsorption process. Results showed that the maximum adsorption capacity of Fe3O4@PDA-COOH could reach up to 331.0162 mg/g (MG/ sub-microspheres), much higher than that of Fe3O4@PDA. The adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherms could be well described by pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Freundlich isothermal model. Moreover, Fe3O4@PDA-COOH sub-microspheres can retain the high adsorption ability after five using-cycles. Therefore, the synthesized Fe3O4@PDA-COOH can be a high-efficiency adsorbent in the field of wastewater treatment.
Agid:
6229692