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Magnetic bioinspired micro/nanostructured composite scaffold for bone regeneration

Zhao, Yao, Fan, Tiantang, Chen, Jingdi, Su, Jiacan, Zhi, Xin, Pan, Panpan, Zou, Lin, Zhang, Qiqing
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.174 pp. 70-79
biocompatibility, biomimetics, bone formation, cell adhesion, chitosan, collagen, colloids, crystallization, freeze drying, iron oxides, magnetism, mineralization, models, nanoparticles, rats, skull, tissue engineering, tissue repair
Magnetic-responsive materials are promising for applications in various biomedical fields. Especially, superparamagnetic nanoparticles are widely used in magnetic system for bone tissue engineering owing to superior biocompatibility and long term stability. Based on the idea of in situ bionics, we successfully incorporate the nano-hydroxyapatite (nHAP) and Fe3O4 nanoparticles which were prepared by in situ crystallization and freeze-drying technique into the chitosan/collagen (CS/Col) organic matrix to achieve the uniform dispersion of inorganic substrate with nanometer-scale. The in vitro results of the physicochemical and biocompatibility tests showed that CS/Col/Fe3O4/nHAP magnetic scaffold possessed superior structural and mechanical performance for cell adhesion and proliferation, as well as the osteogenic differentiation. Mineralization experiments showed better bioactive and good ability of in situ biomimetic mineralization. Moreover, from the in vivo model of SD rats’ skull defects proved that the CS/Col/Fe3O4/nHAP hybrid scaffold had a better tissue compatibility and higher bone regeneration ability when implanted into the skull defects comparing to control group. Herein, the magnetic hybrid micro/nanostructured scaffold showed a potential application for bone defect repair.