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Enhanced anti-tumor efficacy and reduced cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin delivered in a novel plant virus nanoparticle

Alemzadeh, Effat, Dehshahri, Ali, Dehghanian, Amir Reza, Afsharifar, Alireza, Behjatnia, Ali Akbar, Izadpanah, Keramatollah, Ahmadi, Fatemeh
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.174 pp. 80-86
breast neoplasms, cardiotoxicity, colloids, doxorubicin, drug carriers, folic acid, gel electrophoresis, grasses, humans, mice, nanoparticles, neoplasm cells, plant viruses, spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, virion, viruses
Plant viruses are one of the newly applied nanoparticles as drug delivery vehicles. Here, we investigated drug delivery performance of Johnson grass chlorotic stripe mosaic virus (JgCSMV) conjugated to folic acid (FA) for targeted delivery of doxorubicin (Dox). The FA-JgCSMV-Dox complex was synthesized and characterized using spectrophotometry, native and denaturing gel electrophoresis and transmission electron microscopy, which disclosed that JgCSMV virions encapsulated Dox and showed comparable size and morphology to the native particles. The JgCSMV nanoparticles loaded with Dox showed a sustained drug release profile in tumor tissue and improved the uptake of Dox in breast cancer cells, leading to enhanced tumor homing. Lastly, we demonstrated that FA-JgCSMV-Dox reduced the tumor growth and cardiotoxicity of athymic mice bearing human breast cancer xenografts in comparison to free Dox. This study is the first report on applicability of JgCSMV for Dox delivery with superior benefits over generally marketed formulations of doxorubicin.