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Phaseolin ingestion affects vesicular traffic causing oxidative stress in the midgut of Callosobruchus maculatus larvae

Kunz, Daniele, Oliveira, Gabriel B., Brascher, Theo C., Samuels, Richard I., Macedo, Maria Lígia R., de Souza, Luiz F., Dafré, Alcir L., Silva, Carlos P.
Comparative biochemistry and physiology 2019 v.228 pp. 34-40
Callosobruchus maculatus, Phaseolus vulgaris, Vigna unguiculata, alpha-tocopherol, antibiosis, confocal microscopy, cowpeas, cultivars, diet, endocytosis, enterocytes, globulins, ingestion, insects, larvae, midgut, oxidative stress, phaseolin, physiological transport, seeds, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, toxicity, vicilin
It has been reported that phaseolin, the major storage globulin of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), is toxic to Callosobruchus maculatus larvae, an Old World bruchid beetle that is not capable of infesting this New World edible bean. It has also been demonstrated that vicilin, the major storage globulin found in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seeds, is absorbed through receptor-mediated endocytosis in the insect midgut. A putative vicilin receptor has been purified and showed high homology to α-tocopherol transfer protein. However, the ingestion of a variant vicilin purified from C. maculatus resistant seeds inhibits transcytosis, resulting in the accumulation of vicilins in the midgut cells and ultimately antibiosis. In the present work, we studied the cellular up-take of phaseolin in C. maculatus larvae with the aim of discovering if this protein is also capable of inhibiting endocytic traffic in the enterocytes. FITC-labelled vicilin and FITC-labelled phaseolin were incorporated into the diet of the larvae at a physiological concentration of 0.5% w/w. The fate of labelled and non-labelled globulins was monitored by confocal microscopy. Here we demonstrated that phaseolin is also endocytosed by enterocytes causing an accumulation of endocytic vesicles in the midgut when compared to the ingestion of vicilin obtained from a susceptible V. unguiculata cultivar. From the results obtained for HNE, MDA and TBARS, a pro-oxidative scenario was established in the intestinal epithelial cells of the larvae, which may explain the deleterious effect observed in larvae developing inside P. vulgaris seeds.