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Changes of Antibiotic Resistance Phenotype in Outbreak-Linked Salmonella enterica Strains after Exposure to Human Simulated Gastrointestinal Conditions in Chicken Meat

Sales, Camila Verissimo de, Melo, Adma Nadja Ferreira de, Niedzwiedzka, Katarzyna Maria, Souza, Evandro Leite de, Schaffner, Donald W., Magnani, Marciane
Journal of food protection 2018 v.81 no.11 pp. 1844-1850
Salmonella Albany, Salmonella Heidelberg, Salmonella Newport, ampicillin, antibiotic resistance, breast meat, ceftriaxone, chicken meat, ciprofloxacin, duodenum, ileum, in vitro digestion, in vitro studies, mouth, phenotype, salmonellosis, serotypes
Fifteen outbreak-linked Salmonella enterica strains in chicken meat were evaluated under simulated human gastrointestinal conditions for their resistance and susceptibility to 11 antibiotics from seven antibiotic classes. The MIC of each antibiotic was determined by microdilution in broth before and after the exposure of each strain to a continuous system simulating the conditions in the human mouth, esophagus-stomach, duodenum, and ileum. Strains were inoculated onto chicken breast (9 g; inoculated at 5 log CFU/g) prior to exposure. Data were interpreted according Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute breakpoints. After the in vitro digestion, 12 Salmonella strains with reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin (CIP) changed to CIP resistant. The ceftriaxone (CTX)–intermediate Salmonella Newport strain changed to CTX resistant. The ampicillin (AMP)–susceptible Salmonella Heidelberg strain changed to AMP resistant, and the sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SXT)–susceptible strains of Salmonella serovars Typhimurium, Agona, Newport, Albany, and Corvallis changed to SXT resistant. The Salmonella Heidelberg, Salmonella Newport, Salmonella Albany, and Salmonella Corvallis strains had the highest frequency of changes in antibiotic susceptibility with new resistant phenotypes to AMP and CIP, CTX and SXT, CIP and SXT, and CIP and SXT, respectively. Conditions imposed by a simulated gastrointestinal environment changed the susceptibility of S. enterica strains to clinically relevant antibiotics and should be considered in the selection of therapies for human salmonellosis.