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Neuregulin-1β modulates myogenesis in septic mouse serum-treated C2C12 myotubes in vitro through PPARγ/NF-κB signaling

Liu, Li, Liu, Xueru, Bai, Yiping, Tang, Ni, Li, Jie, Zhang, Yingying, Wu, Jiali, Wang, Xiaobin, Wei, Jicheng
Molecular biology reports 2018 v.45 no.6 pp. 1611-1619
antagonists, apoptosis, blood serum, growth factors, metabolism, mice, models, muscle development, muscles, muscular atrophy, myoblasts, myotubes, sepsis (infection), skeletal muscle, transcription (genetics), transcription factor NF-kappa B
Sepsis-induced skeletal muscle atrophy is a pathological condition characterized by the loss of strength and muscle mass. Cytokine-induced apoptosis and impaired myogenesis play key roles in the development of this condition. However, the complete underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. Neuregulins are glial growth factors essential for myogenesis that regulate muscle metabolism. We investigated the role of neuregulin-1β (NRG-1β) in sepsis-induced apoptosis and myogenesis in skeletal muscle using a serum-based in vitro sepsis model. C2C12 myoblasts were differentiated by treatment with proliferative medium for 7 days. Then, cells were treated with 2% sham mouse serum, 1 nM NRG-1β in 2% sham mouse serum, 2% septic mouse serum (SMS), or 1 nM NRG-1β in 2% SMS. Exposure to SMS induced apoptosis, impaired myogenesis, and downregulated PPARγ. NRG-1β co-incubation remedied all these effects and inhibited NF-κB transcriptional activity. A specific PPARγ antagonist (GW9662) was also administered as a 2-h pretreatment to block PPARγ-mediated signaling and appeared to attenuate the effects of NRG-1β. Taken together, our results demonstrate that NRG-1β functions via a PPARγ/NF-κB-dependent pathway to modulate myogenesis and protect against apoptosis in SMS-treated C2C12 myotubes.