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An online mindfulness-based program is effective in improving affect, over-commitment, optimism and mucosal immunity

Author:
Heckenberg, Rachael A., Hale, Matthew W., Kent, Stephen, Wright, Bradley J.
Source:
Physiology & behavior 2019 v.199 pp. 20-27
ISSN:
0031-9384
Subject:
alpha-amylase, anxiety, cortisol, human resources, immunoglobulin A, mucosal immunity, questionnaires, saliva, working conditions
Abstract:
Previous studies have demonstrated mindfulness-based programs are effective in reducing workplace stress; however, few have investigated the effectiveness of online mindfulness-based programs. Physiological measures are also underutilised when examining the efficacy of these programs. Therefore, we assessed the efficacy of an online mindfulness-based program on both short-term and more enduring aspects of psychological and physiological measures of stress and ill-health. Participants (N = 22) completed an 8-week online mindfulness-based program. Immediately before and after a mindfulness session, participants completed questionnaires to assess the short-term effects on mood and state anxiety and provided saliva samples to assess salivary alpha amylase (sAA) concentrations. Additionally, pre and post the 8-week intervention, participants completed questionnaires assessing workplace stress, over-commitment, work engagement, dispositional mindfulness and personal resources. Saliva samples were collected to measure the cortisol awakening response, sAA awakening response and secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA). Our findings demonstrate that online mindfulness-based programs induce short-term improvements in fatigue and anxiety in employees. Additionally, we also report a decrease in over-commitment and increases in optimism and mucosal immunity (sIgA) following the program.
Agid:
6231731