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Adsorption of phenolic compounds from water by a novel ethylenediamine rosin-based resin: Interaction models and adsorption mechanisms

Liu, Shaogang, Wang, Jue, Huang, Wanting, Tan, Xuecai, Dong, Huiyu, Goodman, Bernard A., Du, Hanchun, Lei, Fuhou, Diao, Kaisheng
Chemosphere 2019 v.214 pp. 821-829
2,4-dichlorophenol, 4-chlorophenol, adsorbents, adsorption, endothermy, ethylenediamines, hydrochloric acid, hydrogen bonding, models, p-nitrophenol, pH, resins, sorption isotherms, thermodynamics, water treatment
This study describes the adsorption performance of a novel ethylenediamine rosin-based resin (EDAR) for several industrially-important phenolic compounds. Its removal of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) from water was comparable to or better than many commercial resins, although it was less effective with other phenols (i. e., phenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, 4-chlorophenol, and 4-methylphenol). Experimental conditions for batch adsorption of 4-NP by EDAR are evaluated, the adsorption kinetics is well described by the pseudo-second-order model (R2 > 0.99) and isotherm follows the Langmuir isotherm model (R2 > 0.99), with the maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of 82 mg g−1 at pH 6.0 and 293 K. The thermodynamic parameters indicate that the adsorption is spontaneous and endothermic. Also, quantum chemistry calculations indicate involvement of hydrogen-bonding between 4-NP and amino groups of EDAR. 4-NP was efficiently desorbed from the loaded EDAR resin by 0.2 M HCl, and the resin could be recycled with only a small decrease in its initial adsorption capacities. Thus, EDAR is a promising adsorbent for the removal of 4-NP during water treatment.