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Application of ceramsite and activated alumina balls as recyclable bulking agents for sludge composting
- Wang, Xiankai, Zheng, Guodi, Chen, Tongbin, Nie, Erqi, Wang, Yuewei, Shi, Xiaoxiao, Liu, Junwan
- Chemosphere 2019 v.218 pp. 42-51
- aluminum oxide, bulking agents, cadmium, composting, electrical conductivity, germination, heavy metals, organic carbon, pH, particle size, sludge, temperature, water content, zinc
- Composting is a major sludge-treatment method and bulking agents are very important in sludge composting. In this study, ceramsite and activated alumina balls were chosen as recyclable bulking agents for sludge composting. Variations in the temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, organic matter, dissolved organic carbon, moisture content, and heavy metals were detected during composting with different bulking-agent treatments as well as differences in the germination index values. The results showed that both bulking agents could ensure the maturity of the compost; further, ceramsite treatment resulted in the best water removal efficiency. According to the sequential extraction procedure, both ceramsite and activated alumina balls could stabilize Cd but they also increased the mobility of Zn. After comparing the effects of different particle sizes of ceramsite on composting, 20 mm was determined to be the most optimal value. Additionally, the recovery rates of ceramsite and activated alumina balls were 96.9% and 99.9%, respectively.