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Field-based evidence for enrichment of antibiotic resistance genes and mobile genetic elements in manure-amended vegetable soils

Zhao, Xiang, Wang, Jinhua, Zhu, Lusheng, Wang, Jun
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.654 pp. 906-913
Chryseobacterium, agroecosystems, antibiotic resistance, antibiotic resistance genes, antibiotics, bacteria, copper, edaphic factors, interspersed repetitive sequences, manure spreading, multiple drug resistance, public health, risk, soil, soil amendments, vegetables, zinc
The increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) in the soil environment represents a serious threat to public health. In this study, the diversity and abundance of ARGs and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) in different years of manure-amended vegetable soils were investigated. A total of eight genes, including four tetracycline resistance genes: tetW, tetM, tetO and tetT; two sulfonamide resistance genes: sul1 and sul2; and two MGEs: intI1 and intI2; were quantified in ten vegetable soils. The relative abundance of ARGs in soils amended with manure was significantly higher than that in soils without manure application. The relative abundance of the intI1 and intI2 genes had significantly positive correlations with the relative abundance of the tetW, tetO, sul1 and sul2 genes. Under different concentrations of antibiotics, the resistant bacteria rates of manure-amended soil were much higher than the control soil. Bacillus and Chryseobacterium, more likely to be multi-drug-resistant bacteria, were detected in both two antibiotics. Moreover, the significant correlation was found between the concentrations of Cu and Zn and the ARGs. Our findings provide empirical evidence that the dissemination risk of ARGs and ARB in long-term manure-amended vegetable soils, which might promote to the development of effective strategies to reduce the spread of ARGs in agro-ecosystems.