Main content area

Response of antibiotic resistance genes abundance by graphene oxide during the anaerobic digestion of swine manure with copper pollution

Zhang, Ranran, Gu, Jie, Wang, Xiaojuan, Li, Yang, Liu, Jiayao, Lu, Chunya, Qiu, Ling
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.654 pp. 292-299
anaerobic digestion, antibiotic resistance genes, bacteria, copper, graphene oxide, interspersed repetitive sequences, pig manure, pollution
The pollution of various environments with antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) is an urgent problem that needs to be addressed, especially in heavy metal-polluted environments. This study investigated the responses of ARGs and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) to the addition of graphene oxide (GO) to swine manure containing a high concentration copper during anaerobic digestion. The total copy numbers of ARGs and MGEs were significantly enhanced by the pressure due to Cu. GO significantly decreased the ARG and MGE copy numbers, where the low GO concentration performed better than the high GO concentration. Network analysis showed that most of the ARGs and MGEs co-occurred and they shared the same major potential host bacteria. The contributions of different factors to ARG abundances were assessed by redundancy analysis and MGEs had the most important effect on the fate of ARGs. Thus, GO may reduce the abundance of ARGs mainly by removing MGEs.