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Bait traps remain attractive to euglossine bees even after two weeks: a report from Brazilian Atlantic forest

Coswosk, Judson Albino, Soares, Elaine Della Giustina, Faria, Luiz R.R.
Revista Brasileira de entomologia 2019 v.63 no.1 pp. 1-5
Apidae, attractants, bait traps, baits, bees, eugenol, forest reserves, forests, males, odors, vanillin
Bait traps are effective and commonly used method in the studies of orchid bees. Important questions in the context of this method, including those related to bait dispersion, how long baits remain attractive, the distance from which males are supposed to be attracted to lures and so on, are still open subjects. Data on the attractiveness of bait traps that have remained in the field during two weeks in a large Atlantic forest preserve are presented. Four main results emerge from the data: (i) the abundance of specimens collected per day decreased in all the attractants as the traps were left on the field; (ii) despite this decrease, the absolute number of individuals collected after eight and fifteen days is remarkably, mostly in eugenol and vanillin baits; (iii) the vast majority of species, 22 of 25, was already collected on the first sample day; (iv) a consistent variation in the relative abundance of individuals collected in each scent as collections were made. We urge that bait traps should not be left in the field beyond what is strictly necessary since there is a real possibility of collecting a significant number of individuals as these traps remain available.